Kodi mungachepetse bwanji ndalama zogulira?

Kugula ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri pazantchito zamakampani, ndipo ndalama zake zimatengera pafupifupi 60% ya kupanga ndi kugulitsa.Pansi pa zomwe mtengo wogulira masitovu amakono owongolera ukuwonjezeka pang'onopang'ono monga gawo la mtengo wonse wabizinesi, bizinesi ikukumana ndi mpikisano wowopsa wamsika, ndipo njira yopangira zinthu ikufupikitsa pang'onopang'ono.

purchasing director
Kusiyanasiyana kwa kufunikira kwa msika komanso kuwongolera kosalekeza kwaukadaulo wazogulitsa kumagwa.Nthawi yomweyo, makampani akusintha pang'onopang'ono kuchoka ku utsogoleri waukadaulo ndi kuwongolera msika ndikugula kuti achepetse ndalama ndikuwonjezera phindu, potero akuwathandiza kuti apeze zabwino zatsopano.

Momwe mungapangire ntchito ya dipatimenti yogula kuti ipereke chithandizo chofunikira pakukula kwa bizinesi?Kodi mungapangire bwanji kuti ikhale yogwira ntchito kwambiri pamakampani ogulitsa?Izi zonse zimatengera ntchito zenizeni komanso zogwira mtima zogulira kampaniyo!

Monga woyang'anira ogula, mfundo yogulira zida kapena zida zofunika ndikuwonetsetsa kuti zinthu zili bwino, chitetezo champhamvu, kutumiza nthawi, ndi ntchito, ndikuchepetsa ndalama zogulira.Izi ndi ntchito zazikuluzikulu za dipatimenti yogula kuti amalize ntchito yoperekedwa ndi kampani.

Ndondomeko ya kasamalidwe ka ndalama zogulira zinthu kumaphatikizapo mbali zinayi za kasamalidwe, zomwe ndi kukonza mtengo, kuwongolera mtengo, kusanthula mtengo, kuwerengera ndalama ndi kuwunika;siteji yokonzekera ikhoza kuyang'aniridwa kuti mudziwe udindo wa udindo uliwonse muzogula, ndiyeno ndikugogomezera cholinga cha udindo wa udindo, kuwunika kwa kuchepetsa mtengo wamtengo wapatali ndi njira zina, kuchita bwino pazinthu zina za kasamalidwe monga kuwongolera mtengo. , kuwerengera ndalama ndi kusanthula mtengo kudzalandira zotsatira zoonekeratu.

Woyang'anira wabwino kwambiri wogula zinthu ayenera kuyamba kuchokera kuzinthu zambiri pakugula zinthu.Cholinga chachikulu ndikukhazikitsa malo ogulira zinthu potengera kapangidwe kazinthu komanso kupititsa patsogolo luso la bizinesi yogula zinthu kuchokera paukadaulo, ndikupitilizabe kuwongolera mbali ziwiri zazikuluzikuluzikulu, ndikumanga kachitidwe pokhudzana ndi machitidwe ogula, mwaukadaulo kuwongolera zonse. luso labizinesi la dipatimenti yogula zinthu kuti likwaniritse zotsika mtengo zogulira zinthu.Kuwongolera kwamitengo yama Purchasing director kumayambira pazigawo zisanu zotsatirazi kuti achepetse mtengo wogulira.

1. Chepetsani ndalama zogulira zinthu pogwiritsa ntchito kasamalidwe kakatundu
Kasamalidwe ka kagulitsidwe ka ukadaulo akuyenera kulinganiza zabwino zamkati ndi zakunja zabizinesi, kutengera kugula kopambana monga cholinga chake, ndikuyang'ana kwambiri pakupanga mgwirizano wanthawi yayitali ndi ogulitsa.Ndilo ndondomeko yoyendetsera katundu yomwe imagwirizana ndi chitukuko cha chuma chatsopano.

1. Kugula sikuti ndi vuto logulira zinthu zopangira, komanso kumaphatikizapo kasamalidwe kabwino, kasamalidwe kazinthu komanso nkhani zopanga zinthu.Kukwaniritsa zosowa za makasitomala ndi zomwe amakonda kuyenera kukwaniritsidwa kudzera mukutengapo gawo kwa gulu lalikulu la ulalo uliwonse mumayendedwe othandizira kuti azindikire kutembenuka kwa zosowa zamakasitomala kukhala kapangidwe kazinthu.Kukwaniritsidwa kwa zokonda za makasitomala ndizofunikira pakukhazikitsa njira.Choncho, kusintha kwa chikhalidwe chogula zinthu kumathandiza kuti ndondomekoyi ikwaniritsidwe.

2. Lingaliro lozikidwa pa kuphatikizika kwa kuthekera kwapakati ndi zinthu zimafunikira kuphatikiza kokometsedwa kwa zinthu pakati pa ogulitsa ndi makasitomala.Khazikitsani mgwirizano wamgwirizano wanthawi yayitali m'malo mochita mgwirizano.Kukhazikitsa ubale wotere kumafuna kufananiza mwanzeru pakati pa zoperekera ndi zofunikira.Kuunikira ndi kasamalidwe kaogulitsa sikutengera zomwe zachitikazo monga zofunika kwambiri, koma ziyenera kuganizira kaye ngati njirayo ikufanana.Wonjezerani kulemera muzinthu zamabizinesi, chikhalidwe chamakampani, njira zamabizinesi ndi kuthekera.

3. Kugula si sitolo imodzi, ndipo kusanthula kwa msika wa katundu kuyenera kuchitidwa.Kusanthula uku kuyenera kuphatikiza osati mitengo yazogulitsa, mtundu, ndi zina zambiri, komanso kusanthula kwamakampani opanga zinthu, komanso kuneneratu momwe chuma chikuyendera.Kuonjezera apo, tiyenera kupanga chigamulo pa njira ya wogulitsa, chifukwa luso la kasamalidwe ka woperekayo mosakayikira lidzakhudza kudalirika kwa ubale wogula zinthu.Nkhani zonsezi zili m'gulu la strategic analysis.Zimadutsa njira zowunikira zogulira (mtengo, mtundu, ndi zina).

2. Chepetsani ndalama zogulira zinthu kudzera mumayendedwe ena
Standardization ndiye chofunikira pakuwongolera mabizinesi amakono.Ndilo chitsimikizo choyambirira cha magwiridwe antchito abizinesi.Imalimbikitsa kulinganiza, kuyimitsidwa, ndikuchita bwino kwa ntchito zopanga ndi zogwirira ntchito zamabizinesi ndi ntchito zosiyanasiyana zowongolera.Ndikofunikira pakuwongolera bwino mtengo.Pakuwongolera mtengo, ntchito zinayi zotsatirazi zokhazikika ndizofunikira kwambiri.

1. Kugula muyeso muyeso.Amatanthauza kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka njira zasayansi ndi njira zoyezera kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe zimafunikira pakugula zinthu, ndikupereka zidziwitso zolondola pazogula, makamaka kuwongolera mtengo wogula.Ngati palibe muyezo woyezera wogwirizana, zoyambira ndizolakwika, ndipo zomwe datayo sizikhala zofananira, sizingakhale zotheka kupeza zidziwitso zolondola zamtengo wogula, osasiya kuzilamulira.

2. Mtengo wogula ndiwokhazikika.Pogula zowongolera mtengo, mitengo iwiri yofananira iyenera kukhazikitsidwa.Imodzi ndi mtengo wogula wokhazikika, ndiye kuti, mtengo wamsika kapena mtengo wamsika wamsika, womwe umachitika poyerekezera msika pakati pa gawo lililonse lowerengera ndalama ndi bizinesi;yachiwiri ndi mtengo wa bajeti yogulira mkati, yomwe ili mu bizinesi Njira yopangira mapangidwe imawerengera mtengo wamtengo wapatali wa zipangizo zopangira pogwiritsa ntchito zofunikira zopindulitsa zamakampani ndi mitengo yogulitsa.Miyezo yogulira komanso mitengo yogulira bajeti ndizofunikira pakugula ntchito zowongolera mtengo.

3. Kulinganiza khalidwe la zinthu zogulidwa.Ubwino ndi mzimu wa chinthu.Popanda khalidwe, ngakhale mtengo wake ndi wotsika bwanji, ndizowonongeka.Kuwongolera mtengo ndikuwongolera mtengo pansi paubwino woyenerera.Popanda zikalata zodziwika bwino zazinthu zogulidwa, ndizosatheka kukwaniritsa zofunikira pazantchito zogulira zinthu, osasiyanso ndalama zogulira zapamwamba komanso zotsika.

4. Kukhazikika kwa deta yamtengo wapatali.Konzani ndondomeko yosonkhanitsira deta yamtengo wapatali, fotokozani udindo wa wotumiza deta yamtengo wapatali ndi mwiniwake wa akaunti, onetsetsani kuti mtengo wamtengo wapatali waperekedwa pa nthawi yake, umalowa mu akaunti mu nthawi yake, deta ndiyosavuta kufalitsa, komanso kugawana zambiri anazindikira;sinthani njira yowerengera ndalama zogulira ndikumveketsa bwino mawerengedwe a mtengo wogulira Njira: Pangani tchati chowerengera mtengo wogwirizana kuti muwonetsetse kuti zotsatira za kuwerengera ndalama zogulira ndizolondola.

Chachitatu, kuchepetsa ndalama zogulira zinthu pamlingo wogulira zinthu
1. Kupititsa patsogolo kasamalidwe kofunikira kakagulitsidwe ka zinthu, kuphatikizapo kagawidwe ka zinthu zogulidwa ndi kukhazikitsa nkhokwe;kutsimikizika kwa milingo yoyezetsa yoyezetsa, kugawikana kwa milingo ya ogulitsa ndi kukhazikitsa nkhokwe;chitsimikiziro cha kukula kochepa kwa batch, kagulitsidwe kazinthu, ndi kuchuluka kwapang'onopang'ono kwazinthu zosiyanasiyana;Zitsanzo ndi deta luso zosiyanasiyana anagula zipangizo.

2. Njira yotsatsa malonda iyenera kukhazikitsidwa pogula zinthu zambiri.Kampaniyo imapanga momveka bwino ndondomeko ndikulinganiza ndondomeko yobwereketsa, kuti kubwereketsa ndi kugula zinthu kuchepetse ndalama zogulira zinthu, makamaka kupewa kusagwirizana ndi zinthu.Kutsatsa kwachitika, ndipo mtengo udzakwera.

3. Kulembetsa zidziwitso zogulira ndi kachitidwe kofotokozera kumakhazikitsidwa pogula mobalalika.Zambiri zokhudzana ndi mayina azinthu zomwe zagulidwa, kuchuluka kwake, zizindikiro, mitengo, mayina opanga, malo ogulira, manambala amafoni ndi zina zambiri ziyenera kulembetsedwa ndi dipatimenti yoyendera yamakampani kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito.Kampaniyo imatha kutumiza munthu ngati gulu lachitatu nthawi iliyonse.Chitani macheke.

4. Ndondomeko yogulira zinthu ikugwiritsidwa ntchito m'njira yogawidwa ndipo imaletsana wina ndi mzake.Dipatimenti yogula zinthu ndi yomwe imayang'anira kusankha koyambirira kwa ogulitsa, madipatimenti aukadaulo ndiukadaulo amawunika kuchuluka kwa omwe amapereka, ndipo ziyeneretso zimatsimikiziridwa.Dipatimenti ya zachuma ndi yomwe ili ndi udindo woyang'anira ndi kuyang'anira mitengo, ndipo malipiro amaperekedwa ndi Kuvomerezedwa ndi atsogoleri akuluakulu a kampani.

5. Kuzindikira kuphatikizika kwa njira zogulira zinthu kudzera pakuphatikiza kwa ogwira ntchito zogula zinthu, kumveketsa bwino zida zogulira zomwe aliyense wogwira ntchito zogula ali ndi udindo, ndipo mtundu womwewo wa zinthu uyenera kugulidwa ndi munthu yemweyo komanso kudzera munjira yomweyo, pokhapokha ngati kusintha kosintha kopereka.

6. Kulinganiza mgwirizano wogula.Mgwirizano wogula umanena momveka bwino kuti wogulitsa sangapereke chiphuphu kwa ogwira ntchito pakampani ngati mpikisano wopanda chilungamo pakugulitsa zinthu zake, apo ayi ndalamazo zidzachotsedwa molingana;mgwirizano udzafotokozanso pangano pa kuchotsera kugula.

7. Dongosolo lofufuza zogulira, khazikitsani dongosolo lofufuza zogulira, kufotokozerani omwe ali oyenerera komanso omwe angathe kumaliza ntchito zogulira zinthu mu dongosolo logulira zinthu pamtengo wotsika kwambiri kuchokera kwa ogulitsa omwe angathe, ndikudziwitsani kuchuluka kwa ogulitsa.Liwu laukadaulo la njirayi limatchedwanso kuti Supplier qualification confirmation.Kuti mugwire ntchito yabwino pogula zoyang'anira zofufuza, ndikofunikira kuti mugwiritse ntchito mokwanira makina oyang'anira makompyuta ndikugwiritsa ntchito mwayi pa netiweki kuti musakatule mwachangu ndikupeza zidziwitso zomwe zikufunika, kuti muwonetsetse kuti kuyendetsa bwino kogulira ndikuchita bwino. kupeza zotsatira za mafunso.

8. Khazikitsani ubale wokhazikika wa mgwirizano ndi ogulitsa, ogulitsa okhazikika ali ndi kuthekera kokwanira kopereka, kuwonekera kwamitengo, mgwirizano wanthawi yayitali, ali ndi dongosolo linalake lofunikira pakuperekedwa kwa kampaniyo, ndipo amatha kutsimikizira mtundu, kuchuluka ndi kutumiza zinthu zawo Nthawi, mtengo. , ndi zina zotero. Kasamalidwe ka zogula akuyenera kuyika kufunikira kwakukulu pakuwongolera mwayi wampikisano wazinthu zonse, kukhazikitsa ubale wanthawi yayitali komanso wokhazikika wa mgwirizano ndi ogulitsa abwino kwambiri momwe angathere, kulimbikitsa kuwongolera kwazinthu ndi ukadaulo woperekedwa, kuthandizira chitukuko cha ogulitsa. , ndi kusaina nawo mgwirizano wanzeru pakafunika mgwirizano wa Cooperation ndi zina zotero.

4. Njira ndi njira zochepetsera ndalama zogulira zinthu pamlingo wogula
1. Chepetsani ndalama zogulira posankha mawu olipira.Ngati kampaniyo ili ndi ndalama zokwanira, kapena ngati chiwongola dzanja cha banki chili chochepa, chikhoza kugwiritsa ntchito njira ya cash-to-spot, yomwe nthawi zambiri imatha kubweretsa kuchotsera kwakukulu kwamitengo, koma izi zimakhudza momwe kampani yonse ikuyendera. ndalama zogwirira ntchito.

2. Dziwani nthawi ya kusintha kwamitengo.Mitengo nthawi zambiri imasintha ndi nyengo komanso kupezeka kwa msika komanso kufunikira kwake.Chifukwa chake, ogula akuyenera kulabadira lamulo losintha mitengo ndikumvetsetsa nthawi yogula.

3. Mukhale ndi ogulitsa pogwiritsa ntchito mpikisano wotsatsa.Pogula zinthu zambiri, njira yothandiza ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito malonda a mpikisano, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimabweretsa mtengo wapansi poyerekezera mitengo pakati pa ogulitsa.Kupyolera mu kusankha ndi kuyerekezera osiyanasiyana ogulitsa kuti aletse wina ndi mzake, kuti kampaniyo ikhale yabwino pazokambirana.

4. Kugula mwachindunji kuchokera kwa wopanga.Kuyitanitsa mwachindunji kuchokera kwa wopanga kungachepetse maulalo apakatikati ndikuchepetsa ndalama zogulira.Panthawi imodzimodziyo, ntchito zaumisiri wopanga ndi ntchito zogulitsa pambuyo pake zidzakhala bwino.

5. Sankhani ogulitsa odalirika ndikusainira nawo mapangano anthawi yayitali.Kugwirizana ndi ogulitsa moona mtima komanso odalirika sikungotsimikizira mtundu wa zoperekera komanso kutumiza munthawi yake, komanso kupeza ndalama zolipirira komanso mtengo.

6. Chitani kafukufuku mokwanira ndi kusonkhanitsa zidziwitso za msika wogula zinthu, khazikitsani zothandizira othandizira, ndikukulitsa njira zoperekera makampani kudzera munjira zingapo.Kuti akwaniritse gawo lina la kasamalidwe kakatundu wabizinesi, ikuyenera kuyang'anitsitsa pakufufuza kwa msika wogula ndi kusonkhanitsa ndi kusanja zidziwitso.Ndi njira iyi yokha yomwe tingathe kumvetsetsa bwino momwe msika ulili komanso momwe mitengo imayendera, ndikudziyika tokha pamalo abwino.
Chachisanu, kuchepetsa katangale wa kagulitsidwe ka zinthu kumakhudza kuchepetsa ndalama zamakampani pogula zinthu
Mamenejala ena amakampani ananena mosapita m’mbali kuti: “N’zosatheka kuletsa katangale wogula zinthu, ndipo makampani ambiri sangathane ndi vuto limeneli.”Izi ndi zoona kuti ogwira ntchito zogula zinthu amalandira yuan imodzi kuchokera kwa ogulitsa, zomwe mosakayikira zidzawononga ma yuan khumi pamtengo wogula.Kuti tipeze njira zothetsera vuto lamtunduwu, tiyenera kuchitapo kanthu pazigawo zotsatirazi: kumanga udindo wa ntchito, kusankha ndi kuphunzitsa anthu ogwira nawo ntchito, chilango chogula zinthu, kumanga kachitidwe ka kawonedwe ka antchito, ndi zina zotero.

Kugula pomangamanga kumafuna kukhazikitsa maudindo osiyanasiyana a ulalo wogula zinthu, kuti athetse vuto la kusangowonjezera mphamvu zogulira, kuletsana, kuyang'anira ndi kuthandizira, komanso kuti asakhudze chidwi cha ogwira ntchito pagulu lililonse. positi.

Kusankhidwa kwa ogwira ntchito, njira zosankhidwa paudindo uliwonse wa oyang'anira zogula ziyenera kukhala ndi mikhalidwe iyi: luso linalake laukadaulo ndi kulumikizana, kuzindikira zamalamulo, ukhondo, ndi zina zambiri, ndikuyesera kupewa achibale a oyang'anira dipatimenti yogula zinthu kuti asatenge. pa bizinesi yogula zinthu.

Luso laukatswiri limaphatikizapo osati kumvetsetsa kwina kwazinthu zopangira zomwe zili ndi udindo, komanso lingaliro lomveka bwino la kasamalidwe kazinthu zopangira;khalidwe loyera ndilofunika kwambiri pogula ogwira ntchito omwe nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito ndalama, ngakhale kasamalidwe ka mkati Njira zosiyanasiyana zachitidwa pa ulalo uliwonse, koma kwa ogwira ntchito kutsogolo, n'kosapewekabe kukumana ndi mayesero osiyanasiyana omwe amaperekedwa ndi ogulitsa.Momwe mungapewere kuyika misampha kumbuyo kwa chiyesocho kumafuna kuti ogwira ntchito zogula zinthuwo akhale ndi umphumphu ndi kukhulupirika.Kudziwitsa zamalamulo ndi zina zotero.

Kukhazikitsa dongosolo lathunthu lantchito ya dipatimenti yogula zinthu, kumveketsa bwino kuti kupanga zisankho ndi kukhazikitsa njira zogulira zinthu ziyenera kukhala zomveka bwino, zowonekera, ndi kuyang'anira ndi kuletsana;kutsatira mosamalitsa mfundo zogwirira ntchito za "kukonzeratu, kuwongolera mwamphamvu pamwambowo, ndikusanthula mosamalitsa ndi chidule chake pambuyo pake" kuonetsetsa Kugula ndikupereka zida zapamwamba komanso zotsika mtengo komanso zida zomwe zimakwaniritsa zofunikira;

Kukhazikitsa “ogwira ntchito mokwanira, njira zonse, zozungulira” kuyang'anira kagulitsidwe, ndikuthetsa chinyengo chachinsinsi, kuvomereza, kubweza ndalama, kulanga, kuphwanya malamulo, ndi machitidwe aupandu omwe amawononga zofuna za kampani pakugula ndi kugulitsa zinthu, komanso Mphatso za ogulitsa ndi ndalama zamphatso zomwe sizingakanidwe , Ziyenera kuperekedwa nthawi yomweyo kukampani kuti zisungidwe;phunzitsani ogula kukonda ntchito zawo, kuchita ntchito zawo, kukhala okhulupirika ku kampani, kukhala ndi udindo pa kampani, kusunga zokonda za kampani, kusunga zinsinsi za kampani, ndi kuteteza ufulu wazinthu zaluntha.

Kuwerengera kagwiridwe ka ntchito ndi kamangidwe ka kagawidwe ka malipiro Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti dipatimenti iliyonse ndi yogula iwunike momwe ntchito iliyonse yogulira ikugwirira ntchito.Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuyambitsa ndi kupanga njira zoyendetsera sayansi, ndiko kuti, miyezo yowunikira magwiridwe antchito, yomwe imatha kulimbikitsa mosalekeza kupitiliza kwa maulalo onse a kasamalidwe ka zogula.Limbikitsani, perekani chitsimikiziro ndi chilimbikitso ku ntchito yabwino, ndikukwaniritsa malo ogwirira ntchito momwe ntchito imathandizira kuchepetsa mtengo.

Monga woyang'anira zogulira, sikuti mumangochita mbali zisanu zomwe tatchulazi pazantchito yoyang'anira kugula, koma chofunikira kwambiri, kukhazikitsa chithunzi chabwino cha anthu ndi madipatimenti pakugula, kukhala wokhulupirika ku kampani, kuchitira anthu moona mtima, komanso kukhala okhwima ndi omwe ali pansi pawo. , zomwe zidzasunga mtengo wogulira Kukonzekera ndi koyenera pa mpikisano wamsika wamabizinesi.

Phukusi la utawaleza wa Shanghai Perekani zodzikongoletsera zokhazokha.Ngati mumakonda zinthu zathu, mutha kulumikizana nafe,
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Nthawi yotumiza: Nov-30-2021
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